Reynaud, Paul


Reynaud, Paul
(1873-1966)
   political figure
   Born in Barcellonette, Paul Reynaud was the prime minister of France when the German invasion occurred in 1940. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a member of the bloc nationale in 1919, then again from 1928 to 1940, he served also as minister of finance, of colonies, and of justice (1930-32). In April 1938, he became part of the cabinet of Edouard daladier as minister of justice, then of finance, in which role he achieved the devaluation of the franc, the reduction of state expenses, and the raising of tariffs to cover increasing military expenses. Named prime minister in May 1940, he decided, with British prime minister Winston Churchill, to send an expeditionary force to Norway to block Nazi German access to swedish iron ore and, replacing General maurice gamelin with General maxime weygand as chief of the French armed forces, named himself minister of defense, appointing Marshal Philippe pétain to the vice presidency of the Council. Supporting the continuation of the war in the colonies, Reynaud was outnumbered by the supporters of an armistice and resigned (June 16, 1940), leaving Pétain in power. He was subsequently imprisoned by the vichy government and deported to Germany (1942-45). After the Liberation, he was reelected deputy (1946-62) and became a fervent supporter of the concept of European unity. Reynaud wrote Le Problème militaire français (1937), La France a sauvé l'Europe (1947), Au cœur du mêlée (1951), and his Mémoires (1960-63).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Reynaud, Paul — born Oct. 15, 1878, Barcelonnette, France died Sept. 21, 1966, Paris French politician and premier (1940). After serving in World War I, he served in the Chamber of Deputies (1919–24, 1928–40) and in cabinet positions (1930–32). As minister of… …   Universalium

  • Reynaud, Paul — 1878–1966    Reynaud was Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and Minister of War of France until 16 June 1940. He had succeeded Edouard DALADIER as Head of State on 21 March 1940. One of his first acts was to meet CHURCHILL and on 28 March to issue… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Reynaud,Paul — Rey·naud (rā nōʹ), Paul. 1878 1966. French politician who served briefly as premier (1940) but was replaced by Philippe Pétain, who surrendered to the Germans. Imprisoned by the Vichy government, Reynaud later served as finance minister (1948)… …   Universalium

  • Reynaud, Paul — (15 oct. 1878, Barcelonnette, Francia–21 sep. 1966, París). Político y primer ministro francés (1940). Después de participar en la primera guerra mundial, fue miembro de la Cámara de Diputados (1919–24, 1928–40) y ocupó diversos cargos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • REYNAUD (P.) — REYNAUD PAUL (1878 1966) De Gaulle a dit de lui qu’il fut un «homme injustement broyé par des événements excessifs». L’homme politique a pourtant du talent. Personnalité du centre droit, Paul Reynaud possède des talents d’économiste et il ose… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Marie Reynaud — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reynaud. Paul Marie Reynaud, né le 12 avril 1854 à Sainte Croix en Jarez (Loire, France), mort le 23 février 1926 en Chine, missionnaire lazariste français en Chine, puis évêque de Fussulan et vicaire apostolique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reynaud — (Paul) (1878 1966) homme politique français. Président du Conseil (mars 1940), hostile à l armistice, il céda la place (16 juin) à Pétain, qui le fit interner puis déporter (1940 1945). Reynaud (émile) (1844 1918) inventeur français. Il créa à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Reynaud — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reynaud. Paul Reynaud Paul Reynaud en 1933. Bibliothèque nationale de France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul-Marie Reynaud — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reynaud. Paul Marie Reynaud, né le 12 avril 1854 à Pavezin (Loire, France) et mort le 23 février 1926 en Chine, est un missionnaire lazariste français en Chine qui fut évêque de Fussulan et vicaire apostolique de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium


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